Hoja de datos de MAX11644-45 de Analog Devices Inc./Maxim Integrated

lVI/JXI/VI “mum-E Low-Po [VI/JXIIVI
General Description
The MAX11644/MAX11645 low-power, 12-bit, 1-/2-
channel analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) feature
internal track/hold (T/H), voltage reference, clock, and
an I2C-compatible 2-wire serial interface. These
devices operate from a single supply of 2.7V to 3.6V
(MAX11645) or 4.5V to 5.5V (MAX11644) and require
only 6μA at a 1ksps sample rate. AutoShutdown™ pow-
ers down the devices between conversions, reducing
supply current to less than 1μA at low throughput rates.
The MAX11644/MAX11645 each measure two single-
ended or one differential input. The fully differential ana-
log inputs are software configurable for unipolar or
bipolar, and single-ended or differential operation.
The full-scale analog input range is determined by the
internal reference or by an externally applied reference
voltage ranging from 1V to VDD. The MAX11645 fea-
tures a 2.048V internal reference and the MAX11644
features a 4.096V internal reference.
The MAX11644/MAX11645 are available in an ultra-tiny
1.9mm x 2.2mm WLP package and an 8-pin μMAX®
package. The MAX11644/MAX11645 are guaranteed
over the extended temperature range (-40°C to +85°C).
For pin-compatible 10-bit parts, refer to the MAX11646/
MAX11647 data sheet.
Applications
Features
Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Wafer Level Package
High-Speed I2C-Compatible Serial Interface
400kHz Fast Mode
1.7MHz High-Speed Mode
Single-Supply
2.7V to 3.6V (MAX11645)
4.5V to 5.5V (MAX11644)
Internal Reference
2.048V (MAX11645)
4.096V (MAX11644)
External Reference: 1V to VDD
Internal Clock
2-Channel Single-Ended or 1-Channel Fully
Differential
Internal FIFO with Channel-Scan Mode
Low Power
670µA at 94.4ksps
230µA at 40ksps
60µA at 10ksps
6µA at 1ksps
0.5µA in Power-Down Mode
Software-Configurable Unipolar/Bipolar
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
________________________________________________________________
Maxim Integrated Products
1
Ordering Information
19-5225; Rev 1; 9/10
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642,
or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
EVALUATION KIT
AVAILABLE
PART TEMP RANGE PIN-
PACKAGE
I2C SLAVE
ADDRESS
MAX11644EUA+ -40°C to +8C 8 μMAX 0110110
MAX11645EUA+ -40°C to +8C 8 μMAX 0110110
MAX11645EWC+ -40°C to +85°C 12 WLP 0110110
Typical Operating Circuit and Selector Guide appear at end
of data sheet.
AutoShutdown is a trademark and μMAX is a registered trademark
of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
+
Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHs-compliant package.
Handheld Portable
Applications
Medical Instruments
Battery-Powered Test
Equipment
Solar-Powered Remote
Systems
Received-Signal-Strength
Indicators
System Supervision
Power-Supply Monitoring
[VIIJXIIVI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
2 _______________________________________________________________________________________
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDD = 2.7V to 3.6V (MAX11645), VDD = 4.5V to 5.5V (MAX11644), VREF = 2.048V (MAX11645), VREF = 4.096V (MAX11644),
fSCL = 1.7MHz, TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA= +25°C, see Tables 1–5 for programming
notation.) (Note 1)
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
VDD to GND..............................................................-0.3V to +6V
AIN0, AIN1, REF to GND ..............................-0.3V to the lower of
(VDD + 0.3V) and 6V
SDA, SCL to GND.....................................................-0.3V to +6V
Maximum Current into Any Pin .........................................±50mA
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA= +70°C)
8-Pin μMAX (derate 4.5mW/°C above +70°C) ..............362mW
12-Pin WLP (derate 16.1mW/°C above +70°C) ..........1288mW
Operating Temperature Range ...........................-40°C to +85°C
Junction Temperature......................................................+150°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-60°C to +150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s)
μMAX only.....................................................................+300°C
Soldering Temperature (reflow) .......................................+260°C
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
DC ACCURACY (Note 2)
Resolution 12 Bits
Relative Accuracy INL (Note 3) ±1 LSB
Differential Nonlinearity DNL No missing codes over temperature ±1 LSB
Offset Error ±4 LSB
Offset-Error Temperature
Coefficient Relative to FSR 0.3 ppm/°C
Gain Error (Note 4) ±4 LSB
Gain-Temperature Coefficient Relative to FSR 0.3 ppm/°C
Channel-to-Channel Offset
Matching ±0.1 LSB
Channel-to-Channel Gain
Matching ±0.1 LSB
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE (fIN(SINE-WAVE) = 10kHz, VIN(P-P) = VREF, fSAMPLE = 94.4ksps)
Signal-to-Noise Plus Distortion SINAD 70 dB
Total Harmonic Distortion THD Up to the 5th harmonic -78 dB
Spurious-Free Dynamic Range SFDR 78 dB
Full-Power Bandwidth SINAD > 68dB 3 MHz
Full-Linear Bandwidth -3dB point 5 MHz
CONVERSION RATE
Internal clock 7.5
Conversion Time (Note 5) tCONV External clock 10.6 μs
Internal clock, SCAN[1:0] = 01 51
Throughput Rate fSAMPLE External clock 94.4 ksps
Track/Hold Acquisition Time 800 ns
Internal Clock Frequency 2.8 MHz
External clock, fast mode 60
Aperture Delay (Note 6) tAD External clock, high-speed mode 30 ns
lVI/JXI [VI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 3
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VDD = 2.7V to 3.6V (MAX11645), VDD = 4.5V to 5.5V (MAX11644), VREF = 2.048V (MAX11645), VREF = 4.096V (MAX11644),
fSCL = 1.7MHz, TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA= +25°C, see Tables 1–5 for programming
notation.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
ANALOG INPUT (AIN0/AIN1)
Unipolar 0 VREFInput Voltage Range, Single-
Ended and Differential (Note 7) Bipolar 0 ±VREF/2 V
Input Multiplexer Leakage On/off leakage current, VAIN_ = 0 or VDD ±0.01 ±1 μA
Input Capacitance CIN 22 pF
INTERNAL REFERENCE (Note 8)
MAX11645 1.968 2.048 2.128
Reference Voltage VREF T
A = +25°C MAX11644 3.936 4.096 4.256
V
Reference-Voltage Temperature
Coefficient TCVREF 25 ppm/°C
REF Short-Circuit Current 2 mA
REF Source Impedance 1.5 k
EXTERNAL REFERENCE
REF Input Voltage Range VREF (Note 9) 1 VDD V
REF Input Current IREF f
SAMPLE = 94.4ksps 40 μA
DIGITAL INPUTS/OUTPUTS (SCL, SDA)
Input-High Voltage VIH 0.7 x VDD V
Input-Low Voltage VIL 0.3 x VDD V
Input Hysteresis VHYST 0.1 x VDD V
Input Current IIN V
IN = 0 to VDD ±10 μA
Input Capacitance CIN 15 pF
Output Low Voltage VOL I
SINK = 3mA 0.4 V
POWER REQUIREMENTS
MAX11645 2.7 3.6
Supply Voltage VDD MAX11644 4.5 5.5
V
Internal reference 900 1150
fSAMPLE = 94.4ksps
external clock External reference 670 900
Internal reference 530
fSAMPLE = 40ksps
internal clock External reference 230
Internal reference 380
fSAMPLE = 10ksps
internal clock External reference 60
Internal reference 330
fSAMPLE =1ksps
internal clock External reference 6
Supply Current IDD
Shutdown (internal REF off) 0.5 10
μA
Power-Supply Rejection Ratio PSRR Full-scale input (Note 10) ±0.5 ±2.0 LSB/V
[VIIJXIIVI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
4 _______________________________________________________________________________________
TIMING CHARACTERISTICS (Figure 1)
(VDD = 2.7V to 3.6V (MAX11645), VDD = 4.5V to 5.5V (MAX11644), VREF = 2.048V (MAX11645), VREF = 4.096V (MAX11644),
fSCL = 1.7MHz, TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA= +25°C, see Tables 1–5 for programming
notation.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
TIMING CHARACTERISTICS FOR FAST MODE
Serial-Clock Frequency fSCL 400 kHz
Bus Free Time Between a STOP (P)
and a START (S) Condition tBUF 1.3 μs
Hold Time for START Condition tHD,STA 0.6 μs
Low Period of the SCL Clock tLOW 1.3 μs
High Period of the SCL Clock tHIGH 0.6 μs
Setup Time for a Repeated START
(Sr) Condition tSU,STA 0.6 μs
Data Hold Time tHD,DAT (Note 11) 0 900 ns
Data Setup Time tSU,DAT 100 ns
Rise Time of Both SDA and SCL
Signals, Receiving tR Measured from 0.3VDD - 0.7VDD 20 + 0.1CB 300 ns
Fall Time of SDA Transmitting tF Measured from 0.3VDD - 0.7VDD (Note 12) 20 + 0.1CB 300 ns
Setup Time for STOP Condition tSU,STO 0.6 μs
Capacitive Load for Each Bus Line CB 400 pF
Pulse Width of Spike Suppressed tSP 50 ns
TIMING CHARACTERISTICS FOR HIGH-SPEED MODE (CB = 400pF, Note 13)
Serial-Clock Frequency fSCLH (Note 14) 1.7 MHz
Hold Time, Repeated START
Condition tHD,STA 160 ns
Low Period of the SCL Clock tLOW 320 ns
High Period of the SCL Clock tHIGH 120 ns
Setup Time for a Repeated START
Condition tSU,STA 160 ns
Data Hold Time tHD,DAT (Note 11) 0 150 ns
Data Setup Time tSU,DAT 10 ns
Rise Time of SCL Signal
(Current Source Enabled) tRCL 20 80 ns
lVI/JXI [VI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 5
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
Rise Time of SCL Signal After
Acknowledge Bit tRCL1 Measured from 0.3VDD - 0.7VDD 20 160 ns
Fall Time of SCL Signal tFCL Measured from 0.3VDD - 0.7VDD 20 80 ns
Rise Time of SDA Signal tRDA Measured from 0.3VDD - 0.7VDD 20 160 ns
Fall Time of SDA Signal tFDA Measured from 0.3VDD - 0.7VDD (Note 12) 20 160 ns
Setup Time for STOP Condition tSU,STO 160 ns
Capacitive Load for Each Bus Line CB 400 pF
Pulse Width of Spike Suppressed tSP (Notes 11 and 14) 0 10 ns
TIMING CHARACTERISTICS (Figure 1) (continued)
(VDD = 2.7V to 3.6V (MAX11645), VDD = 4.5V to 5.5V (MAX11644), VREF = 2.048V (MAX11645), VREF = 4.096V (MAX11644),
fSCL = 1.7MHz, TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA= +25°C, see Tables 1–5 for programming
notation.) (Note 1)
Note 1: All WLP devices are 100% production tested at TA= +25°C. Specifications over temperature limits are guaranteed by
design and characterization.
Note 2: For DC accuracy, the MAX11644 is tested at VDD = 5V and the MAX11645 is tested at VDD = 3V with an external
reference for both ADCs. All devices are configured for unipolar, single-ended inputs.
Note 3: Relative accuracy is the deviation of the analog value at any code from its theoretical value after the full-scale range and
offsets have been calibrated.
Note 4: Offset nulled.
Note 5: Conversion time is defined as the number of clock cycles needed for conversion multiplied by the clock period.
Conversion time does not include acquisition time. SCL is the conversion clock in the external clock mode.
Note 6: A filter on the SDA and SCL inputs suppresses noise spikes and delays the sampling instant.
Note 7: The absolute input voltage range for the analog inputs (AIN0/AIN1) is from GND to VDD.
Note 8: When the internal reference is configured to be available at REF (SEL[2:1] = 11), decouple REF to GND with a
0.1μF capacitor and a 2kΩseries resistor (see the
Typical Operating Circuit
).
Note 9: ADC performance is limited by the converter’s noise floor, typically 300μVP-P.
Note 10: Measured for the MAX11645 as:
and for the MAX11644, where N is the number of bits:
Note 11: A master device must provide a data hold time for SDA (referred to VIL of SCL) to bridge the undefined region of SCL’s
falling edge (see Figure 1).
Note 12: The minimum value is specified at TA= +25°C.
Note 13: CB= total capacitance of one bus line in pF.
Note 14: fSCL must meet the minimum clock low time plus the rise/fall times.
VVVV
V
V
FS FS
N
REF
(. ) (. )
(.
55 45 2
55
×
45.)V
VVVV
V
V
FS FS
N
REF
(. ) (. )
(.
36 27 2
36
×
27.)V
MAX 1 1 644/MAX1 DNL [LSRw ‘DDIWU [I6 n5 n4 n3 M m AMPUTUDE mE n My 20k 30k my 5 FREQUENCY \HN 27 [VI/JXIIVI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
6 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VDD = 3.3V (MAX11645), VDD = 5V (MAX11644), fSCL = 1.7MHz, 50% duty cycle, fSAMPLE = 94.4ksps, single-ended, unipolar,
TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
-0.5
-0.2
-0.4
-0.3
0.2
0.1
-0.1
0
0.3
0.5
0 4000
DIFFERENTIAL NONLINEARITY
vs. DIGITAL CODE
MAX11644 toc01
DIGITAL OUTPUT CODE
DNL (LSB)
1000 1500500 2000 2500 3000 3500
0.4
-1.0
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-0.2
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
INTEGRAL NONLINEARITY
vs. DIGITAL CODE
MAX11644 toc02
DIGITAL OUTPUT CODE
INL (LSB)
0 4000
1000 1500500 2000 2500 3000 3500
-140
-120
-100
-80
-60
-40
-20
0 10k 20k 30k 40k 50k
FFT PLOT
MAX11644 toc03
FREQUENCY (Hz)
AMPLITUDE (dBc)
fSAMPLE = 94.4ksps
fIN = 10kHz
300
400
350
500
450
600
550
650
750
700
800
-40 -10 5-25 20 35 50 65 80
SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX11644 toc04
TEMPERATURE (°C)
SUPPLY CURRENT (μA)
SETUP BYTE
EXT REF: 10111011
INT REF: 11011011
INTERNAL REFERENCE MAX11644
INTERNAL REFERENCE MAX11645
EXTERNAL REFERENCE MAX11644
EXTERNAL REFERENCE MAX11645
0
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.3
0.5
0.6
2.75
.2
SHUTDOWN SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX11644 toc05
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
IDD (μA)
3.73.24.24.7
SDA = SCL = VDD
0
0.10
0.05
0.20
0.15
0.30
0.25
0.35
0.45
0.40
0.50
-40 -10 5
-25 20 35 50 65 80
SHUTDOWN SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX11644 toc06
TEMPERATURE (°C)
SUPPLY CURRENT (μA)
MAX11644
MAX11645
0
200
100
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
0 20406080100
ANALOG SUPPLY CURRENT vs.
CONVERSION RATE (EXTERNAL CLOCK)
MAX11644 toc07
CONVERSION RATE (ksps)
AVERAGE IDD (μA)
0
EXTERNAL REFERENCE
INTERNAL REFERENCE ALWAYS ON
H1334 H1332 H1333 " -- - 1151333 1151335 1151334 1151332 1151333 43 25 m 5 2U 33 511 531111 TEM 3551511155 (“£1 flFFSET ERHDK vs. IEMPERMUHE 1155551 511111111 1158) 251113211 33 53 55 311 TEMPERATUFEWC! EAIII Eflflflfl vs. TEMPERATURE [VI/IX I [VI 1155551 5111111111158) N 5111111111158) BFFSET Eflfll'lfl vs. SUPPLY Vfll'lABE 1 32 37 42 41 5253 mm 111: Mlll ERHDK vs. SUPPLY VflL'lMiE
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7
OFFSET ERROR vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX11644 toc11
TEMPERATURE (°C)
OFFSET ERROR (LSB)
806535 50-10 5 20-25
-0.9
-0.8
-0.7
-0.6
-0.5
-0.4
-0.3
-0.2
-0.1
0
-1.0
-40
OFFSET ERROR vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX11644 toc12
VDD (V)
OFFSET ERROR (LSB)
5.25.54.74.23.73.2
-1.6
-1.2
-0.8
-0.4
0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
-2.0
2.7
GAIN ERROR vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX11644 toc13
TEMPERATURE (°C)
GAIN ERROR (LSB)
806535 50-10 5 20-25
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
0
-40
GAIN ERROR vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX11644 toc14
VDD (V)
GAIN ERROR (LSB)
5.25.54.74.23.73.2
-1.6
-1.2
-0.8
-0.4
0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
-2.0
2.7
0.9990
0.9994
0.9992
0.9998
0.9996
1.0002
1.0000
1.0004
1.0008
1.0006
1.0010
-40 -10 5-25 20 35 50 65 80
INTERNAL REFERENCE VOLTAGE
vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX11644 toc09
TEMPERATURE (°C)
VREF NORMALIZED
NORMALIZED TO VALUE AT TA = +25°C
MAX11644
MAX11645
0.99990
0.99994
0.99992
0.99998
0.99996
1.00002
1.00000
1.00004
1.00008
1.00006
1.00010
2.73
.33.63.93.04.24.54.85.15.4
NORMALIZED REFERENCE VOLTAGE
vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX11644 toc10
VDD (V)
VREF (V)
MAX11644
NORMALIZED TO
REFERENCE VALUE AT
VDD = 5V
MAX11645
NORMALIZED TO
REFERENCE VALUE AT
VDD = 3.3V
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = 3.3V (MAX11645), VDD = 5V (MAX11644), fSCL = 1.7MHz, 50% duty cycle, fSAMPLE = 94.4ksps, single-ended, unipolar,
TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
flflflfl [III/IXIM LH_H_II_I [MAXI/Ill [VIIJXIIVI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
8 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Pin Description
PIN
μMAX WLP NAME FUNCTION
1,2 A1, A2 AIN0, AIN1 Analog Inputs
3 N.C. No connection. Not internally connected.
4 A4 REF Reference Input/Output. Selected in the setup register (see Tables 1 and 6).
5 C4 SCL Clock Input
6 C3 SDA Data Input/Output
7A3, B1–B4,
C2 GND Ground
8 C1 VDD Positive Supply. Bypass to GND with a 0.1μF capacitor.
SDA
SCLREF
1
+
2
8
7
VDD
GNDAIN1
N.C.
AIN0
µ
MAX
TOP VIEW
3
4
6
5
MAX11644
MAX11645
TOP VIEW (BUMPS ON BOTTOM)
MAX11645
GND
AIN1 GND REF
GNDGND
SDA
GND
GND SCL
1234
A
B
C
WLP
VDD
AIN0
Pin Configuration
[ 1 ‘ M as , ¢ , V I PS MW 88 r ) f 7 , V H5 Wm lVI/JXI [VI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 9
tHD,STA
tSU,DAT
tHIGH
tRtF
tHD,DAT tHD,STA
SSr A
SCL
SDA
tSU,STA
tLOW
tBUF
tSU,STO
PS
tHD,STA
tSU,DAT
tHIGH
tFCL
tHD,DAT tHD,STA
S Sr A
SCL
SDA
tSU,STA
tLOW
tBUF
tSU,STO
S
tRCL tRCL1
HS MODE F/S MODE
A) F/S-MODE 2-WIRE SERIAL-INTERFACE TIMING
B) HS-MODE 2-WIRE SERIAL-INTERFACE TIMING tFDA
tRDA
t
tRtF
P
Figure 1. 2-Wire Serial-Interface Timing
H \‘H [VIIJXIIVI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
10 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Detailed Description
The MAX11644/MAX11645 analog-to-digital converters
(ADCs) use successive-approximation conversion tech-
niques and fully differential input track/hold (T/H) cir-
cuitry to capture and convert an analog signal to a
serial 12-bit digital output. The MAX11644/MAX11645
measure either two single-ended or one differential
input(s). These devices feature a high-speed, 2-wire
serial interface supporting data rates up to 1.7MHz.
Figure 2 shows the simplified internal structure for the
MAX11644/MAX11645.
Power Supply
The MAX11644/MAX11645 operate from a single sup-
ply and consume 670μA (typ) at sampling rates up to
94.4ksps. The MAX11645 feature a 2.048V internal ref-
erence and the MAX11644 feature a 4.096V internal ref-
erence. All devices can be configured for use with an
external reference from 1V to VDD.
Analog Input and Track/Hold
The MAX11644/MAX11645 analog-input architecture
contains an analog-input multiplexer (mux), a fully dif-
ferential track-and-hold (T/H) capacitor, T/H switches, a
comparator, and a fully differential switched capacitive
digital-to-analog converter (DAC) (Figure 4).
In single-ended mode, the analog input multiplexer
connects CT/H between the analog input selected by
CS[0] (see the
Configuration/Setup Bytes (Write Cycle)
section) and GND (Table 3). In differential mode, the
analog-input multiplexer connects CT/H to the + and -
analog inputs selected by CS[0] (Table 4).
ANALOG
INPUT
MUX
AIN1
REF
AIN0
SCL
SDA
INPUT SHIFT REGISTER
SETUP REGISTER
CONFIGURATION REGISTER
CONTROL
LOGIC
REFERENCE
4.096V (MAX11644)
2.048V (MAX11645)
INTERNAL
OSCILLATOR
OUTPUT SHIFT
REGISTER
AND RAM
REF
T/H 12-BIT
ADC
VDD
GND
MAX11644
MAX11645
Figure 2. Simplified Functional Diagram
VDD
IOL
IOH
VOUT
400pF
SDA
Figure 3. Load Circuit
rLf \1 [MAXIM lVI/JXI [VI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
______________________________________________________________________________________ 11
During the acquisition interval, the T/H switches are in
the track position and CT/H charges to the analog input
signal. At the end of the acquisition interval, the T/H
switches move to the hold position retaining the charge
on CT/H as a stable sample of the input signal.
During the conversion interval, the switched capacitive
DAC adjusts to restore the comparator input voltage to
0V within the limits of a 12-bit resolution. This action
requires 12 conversion clock cycles and is equivalent
to transferring a charge of 11pF x (VIN+ - VIN-) from
CT/H to the binary weighted capacitive DAC, forming a
digital representation of the analog input signal.
Sufficiently low source impedance is required to ensure
an accurate sample. A source impedance of up to 1.5kΩ
does not significantly degrade sampling accuracy. To
minimize sampling errors with higher source imped-
ances, connect a 100pF capacitor from the analog input
to GND. This input capacitor forms an RC filter with the
source impedance limiting the analog-input bandwidth.
For larger source impedances, use a buffer amplifier to
maintain analog-input signal integrity and bandwidth.
When operating in internal clock mode, the T/H circuitry
enters its tracking mode on the eighth rising clock edge
of the address byte. See the
Slave Address
section.
The T/H circuitry enters hold mode on the falling clock
edge of the acknowledge bit of the address byte (the
ninth clock pulse). A conversion or a series of conver-
sions is then internally clocked and the MAX11644/
MAX11645 hold SCL low. With external clock mode, the
T/H circuitry enters track mode after a valid address on
the rising edge of the clock during the read (R/W= 1)
bit. Hold mode is then entered on the rising edge of the
second clock pulse during the shifting out of the first
byte of the result. The conversion is performed during
the next 12 clock cycles.
The time required for the T/H circuitry to acquire an
input signal is a function of the input sample capaci-
tance. If the analog-input source impedance is high,
the acquisition time constant lengthens and more time
must be allowed between conversions. The acquisition
time (tACQ) is the minimum time needed for the signal
to be acquired. It is calculated by:
tACQ 95 (RSOURCE + RIN) x CIN
where RSOURCE is the analog-input source impedance,
RIN = 2.5kΩ, and CIN = 22pF. tACQ is 1.5/fSCL for internal
clock mode and tACQ = 2/fSCL for external clock mode.
Analog Input Bandwidth
The MAX11644/MAX11645 feature input-tracking cir-
cuitry with a 5MHz small-signal bandwidth. The 5MHz
input bandwidth makes it possible to digitize high-
speed transient events and measure periodic signals
with bandwidths exceeding the ADC’s sampling rate by
using under sampling techniques. To avoid high-fre-
quency signals being aliased into the frequency band
of interest, anti-alias filtering is recommended.
TRACK
TRACK
HOLD
CT/H
CT/H
TRACK
TRACK
HOLD
AIN0
AIN1
GND
ANALOG INPUT MUX
CAPACITIVE
DAC
REF
CAPACITIVE
DAC
REF MAX11644
MAX11645
HOLD
HOLD
TRACK
HOLD
VDD/2
Figure 4. Equivalent Input Circuit
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MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
12 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Analog Input Range and Protection
Internal protection diodes clamp the analog input to VDD
and GND. These diodes allow the analog inputs to swing
from (GND - 0.3V) to (VDD + 0.3V) without causing dam-
age to the device. For accurate conversions, the inputs
must not go more than 50mV below GND or above VDD.
Single-Ended/Differential Input
The SGL/DIF of the configuration byte configures the
MAX11644/MAX11645 analog-input circuitry for single-
ended or differential inputs (Table 2). In single-ended
mode (SGL/DIF = 1), the digital conversion results are
the difference between the analog input selected by
CS[0] and GND (Table 3). In differential mode (SGL/
DIF = 0), the digital conversion results are the differ-
ence between the + and the - analog inputs selected
by CS[0] (Table 4).
Unipolar/Bipolar
When operating in differential mode, the BIP/UNI bit of
the set-up byte (Table 1) selects unipolar or bipolar
operation. Unipolar mode sets the differential input
range from 0 to VREF. A negative differential analog
input in unipolar mode causes the digital output code
to be zero. Selecting bipolar mode sets the differential
input range to ±VREF/2. The digital output code is bina-
ry in unipolar mode and two’s complement in bipolar
mode. See the
Transfer Functions
section.
In single-ended mode, the MAX11644/MAX11645
always operate in unipolar mode irrespective of
BIP/UNI. The analog inputs are internally referenced to
GND with a full-scale input range from 0 to VREF.
2-Wire Digital Interface
The MAX11644/MAX11645 feature a 2-wire interface
consisting of a serial-data line (SDA) and serial-clock
line (SCL). SDA and SCL facilitate bidirectional commu-
nication between the MAX11644/MAX11645 and the
master at rates up to 1.7MHz. The MAX11644/
MAX11645 are slaves that transfer and receive data.
The master (typically a microcontroller) initiates data
transfer on the bus and generates the SCL signal to
permit that transfer.
SDA and SCL must be pulled high. This is typically done
with pullup resistors (750Ωor greater) (see the
Typical
Operating Circuit
). Series resistors (RS) are optional. They
protect the input architecture of the MAX11644/
MAX11645 from high voltage spikes on the bus lines and
minimize crosstalk and undershoot of the bus signals.
Bit Transfer
One data bit is transferred during each SCL clock
cycle. A minimum of 18 clock cycles are required to
transfer the data in or out of the MAX11644/MAX11645.
The data on SDA must remain stable during the high
period of the SCL clock pulse. Changes in SDA while
SCL is stable are considered control signals (see the
START and STOP Conditions
section). Both SDA and
SCL remain high when the bus is not busy.
START and STOP Conditions
The master initiates a transmission with a START (S)
condition, a high-to-low transition on SDA while SCL is
high. The master terminates a transmission with a STOP
(P) condition, a low-to-high transition on SDA while SCL
is high (Figure 5). A repeated START (Sr) condition
can be used in place of a STOP condition to leave the
bus active and the interface mode unchanged (see the
HS Mode
section).
Acknowledge Bits
Data transfers are acknowledged with an acknowledge
bit (A) or a not-acknowledge bit (A). Both the master
and the MAX11644/MAX11645 (slave) generate
acknowledge bits. To generate an acknowledge, the
receiving device must pull SDA low before the rising
edge of the acknowledge-related clock pulse (ninth
pulse) and keep it low during the high period of the
clock pulse (Figure 6). To generate a not-acknowledge,
the receiver allows SDA to be pulled high before the
rising edge of the acknowledge-related clock pulse
and leaves SDA high during the high period of the
clock pulse. Monitoring the acknowledge bits allows for
detection of unsuccessful data transfers. An unsuc-
cessful data transfer happens if a receiving device is
busy or if a system fault has occurred. In the event of
an unsuccessful data transfer, the bus master should
reattempt communication at a later time.
SCL
SDA
SP
Sr
Figure 5. START and STOP Conditions
SCL
SDA
SNOT-ACKNOWLEDGE
ACKNOWLEDGE
12 89
Figure 6. Acknowledge Bits
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MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
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______________________________________________________________________________________ 13
Slave Address
A bus master initiates communication with a slave
device by issuing a START condition followed by a
slave address. When idle, the MAX11644/MAX11645
continuously wait for a START condition followed by
their slave address. When the MAX11644/MAX11645
recognize their slave address, they are ready to accept
or send data. The slave address is factory programmed
to 0110110. The least significant bit (LSB) of the
address byte (R/W) determines whether the master is
writing to or reading from the MAX11644/MAX11645
(R/W= 0 selects a write condition, R/W= 1 selects a
read condition). After receiving the address, the
MAX11644/MAX11645 (slave) issues an acknowledge
by pulling SDA low for one clock cycle.
Bus Timing
At power-up, the MAX11644/MAX11645 bus timing is
set for fast-mode (F/S mode), which allows conversion
rates up to 22.2ksps. The MAX11644/MAX11645 must
operate in high-speed mode (HS mode) to achieve con-
version rates up to 94.4ksps. Figure 1 shows the bus
timing for the MAX11644/MAX11645’s 2-wire interface.
HS Mode
At power-up, the MAX11644/MAX11645 bus timing is
set for F/S mode. The bus master selects HS mode by
addressing all devices on the bus with the HS-mode
master code 0000 1XXX (X = don’t care). After suc-
cessfully receiving the HS-mode master code, the
MAX11644/MAX11645 issue a not-acknowledge, allow-
ing SDA to be pulled high for one clock cycle (Figure
8). After the not-acknowledge, the MAX11644/
MAX11645 are in HS mode. The bus master must then
send a repeated START followed by a slave address to
initiate HS mode communication. If the master gener-
ates a STOP condition, the MAX11644/MAX11645
return to F/S mode.
011 10 1 0 R/W A
SLAVE ADDRESS
S
SCL
SDA
123456789
MAX11644/MAX11645
SEE ORDERING INFORMATION FOR SLAVE ADDRESS OPTIONS AND DETAILS.
Figure 7. MAX11644/MAX11645 Slave Address Byte
000 10XXXA
HS-MODE MASTER CODE
SCL
SDA
S Sr
F/S MODE HS MODE
Figure 8. F/S-Mode to HS-Mode Transfer
[VIIJXIIVI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
14 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Configuration/Setup Bytes (Write Cycle)
A write cycle begins with the bus master issuing a
START condition followed by seven address bits
(Figure 7) and a write bit (R/W= 0). If the address byte
is successfully received, the MAX11644/MAX11645
(slave) issues an acknowledge. The master then writes
to the slave. The slave recognizes the received byte as
the set-up byte (Table 1) if the most significant bit
(MSB) is 1. If the MSB is 0, the slave recognizes that
byte as the configuration byte (Table 2). The master
can write either one or two bytes to the slave in any
order (setup byte, then configuration byte; configura-
tion byte, then setup byte; setup byte or configuration
byte only; Figure 9). If the slave receives a byte suc-
cessfully, it issues an acknowledge. The master ends
the write cycle by issuing a STOP condition or a repeat-
ed START condition. When operating in HS mode, a
STOP condition returns the bus into F/S mode (see the
HS Mode
section).
Figure 9. Write Cycle
BIT 7
(MSB) BIT 6 BIT 5 BIT 4 BIT 3 BIT 2 BIT 1 BIT 0
(LSB)
REG SEL2 SEL1 SEL0 CLK BIP/UNI RST X
BIT NAME DESCRIPTION
7 REG Register bit. 1 = setup byte, 0 = configuration byte (Table 2).
6 SEL2
5 SEL1
4 SEL0
Three bits select the reference voltage (Table 6).
Default to 000 at power-up.
3 CLK 1 = external clock, 0 = internal clock. Defaults to 0 at power-up.
2 BIP/UNI 1 = bipolar, 0 = unipolar. Defaults to 0 at power-up (see the Unipolar/Bipolar section).
1RST 1 = no action, 0 = resets the configuration register to default. Setup register remains unchanged.
0 X Don’t-care bit. This bit can be set to 1 or 0.
Table 1. Setup Byte Format
lVI/JXI [VI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
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______________________________________________________________________________________ 15
BIT 7
(MSB) BIT 6 BIT 5 BIT 4 BIT 3 BIT 2 BIT 1 BIT 0
(LSB)
REG SCAN1 SCAN0 X X X CS0 SGL/DIF
BIT NAME DESCRIPTION
7 REG Register bit. 1 = setup byte (see Table 1), 0 = configuration byte.
6 SCAN1
5 SCAN0 Scan select bits. Two bits select the scanning configuration (Table 5). Default to 00 at power-up.
4X
3X
2X
1 CS0
Channel select bit. CS0 selects which analog input channels are to be used for conversion
(Tables 3 and 4). Default to 0000 at power-up.
0 SGL/DIF 1 = single-ended, 0 = differential (Tables 3 and 4). Defaults to 1 at power-up. See the Single-
Ended/Differential Input section.
Table 2. Configuration Byte Format
CS0 AIN0 AIN1 GND
0+ -
1+-
X = Don’t care.
Table 3. Channel Selection in Single-Ended Mode (SGL/DIF = 1)
CS0 AIN0 AIN1
0+ -
1-+
Table 4. Channel Selection in Differential Mode (SGL/DIF = 0)
E <7 d:|]]:|:l:|:l]:l="" wpa="" fitfi¢4="" \="" \="" it="" a="" [viijxiivi="">
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
16 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Data Byte (Read Cycle)
A read cycle must be initiated to obtain conversion
results. Read cycles begin with the bus master issuing a
START condition followed by seven address bits and a
read bit (R/W= 1). If the address byte is successfully
received, the MAX11644/MAX11645 (slave) issues an
acknowledge. The master then reads from the slave.
The result is transmitted in 2 bytes; first 4 bits of the first
byte are high, then MSB through LSB are consecutively
clocked out. After the master has received the byte(s), it
can issue an acknowledge if it wants to continue read-
ing or a not-acknowledge if it no longer wishes to read.
If the MAX11644/MAX11645 receive a not-acknowl-
edge, they release SDA, allowing the master to generate
a STOP or a repeated START condition. See the
Clock
Modes
and
Scan Mode
sections for detailed information
on how data is obtained and converted.
Clock Modes
The clock mode determines the conversion clock and
the data acquisition and conversion time. The clock
mode also affects the scan mode. The state of the set-
up byte’s CLK bit determines the clock mode (Table 1).
At power-up, the MAX11644/MAX11645 are defaulted
to internal clock mode (CLK = 0).
Internal Clock
When configured for internal clock mode (CLK = 0), the
MAX11644/MAX11645 use their internal oscillator as
the conversion clock. In internal clock mode, the
MAX11644/MAX11645 begin tracking the analog input
after a valid address on the eighth rising edge of the
clock. On the falling edge of the ninth clock, the analog
signal is acquired and the conversion begins. While
converting the analog input signal, the MAX11644/
MAX11645 hold SCL low (clock stretching). After the
conversion completes, the results are stored in internal
memory. If the scan mode is set for multiple conver-
sions, they all happen in succession with each addi-
tional result stored in memory. The MAX11644/
MAX11645 contain two 12-bit blocks of memory. Once
all conversions are complete, the MAX11644/
MAX11645 release SCL, allowing it to be pulled high.
The master can now clock the results out of the memo-
ry in the same order the scan conversion has been
done at a clock rate of up to 1.7MHz. SCL is stretched
for a maximum of 8.3μs per channel (see Figure 10).
The device memory contains all of the conversion
results when the MAX11644/MAX11645 release SCL.
The converted results are read back in a first-in-first-out
(FIFO) sequence. The memory contents can be read
continuously. If reading continues past the result stored
in memory, the pointer wraps around and points to the
first result. Note that only the current conversion results
are read from memory. The device must be addressed
with a read command to obtain new conversion results.
The internal clock mode’s clock stretching quiets the
SCL bus signal, reducing the system noise during con-
version. Using the internal clock also frees the bus
master (typically a microcontroller) from the burden of
running the conversion clock, allowing it to perform
other tasks that do not need to use the bus.
Figure 10. Internal Clock Mode Read Cycles
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MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
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______________________________________________________________________________________ 17
External Clock
When configured for external clock mode (CLK = 1),
the MAX11644/MAX11645 use the SCL as the conver-
sion clock. In external clock mode, the MAX11644/
MAX11645 begin tracking the analog input on the ninth
rising clock edge of a valid slave address byte. Two
SCL clock cycles later, the analog signal is acquired
and the conversion begins. Unlike the internal clock
mode, converted data is available immediately after the
first four empty high bits. The device continuously con-
verts input channels dictated by the scan mode until
given a not-acknowledge. There is no need to read-
dress the device with a read command to obtain new
conversion results (see Figure 11).
The conversion must complete in 1ms, or droop on the
track-and-hold capacitor degrades conversion results.
Use internal clock mode if the SCL clock period
exceeds 60μs.
The MAX11644/MAX11645 must operate in external
clock mode for conversion rates from 40ksps to
94.4ksps. Below 40ksps, internal clock mode is recom-
mended due to much smaller power consumption.
Scan Mode
SCAN0 and SCAN1 of the configuration byte set the
scan mode configuration. Table 5 shows the scanning
configurations. The scanned results are written to memo-
ry in the same order as the conversion. Read the results
from memory in the order they were converted. Each
result needs a 2-byte transmission; the first byte begins
with 4 empty bits, during which SDA is left high. Each
byte has to be acknowledged by the master or the mem-
ory transmission is terminated. It is not possible to read
the memory independently of conversion.
Figure 11. External Clock Mode Read Cycle
SCAN1 SCAN0 SCANNING CONFIGURATION
0 0 Scans up from AIN0 to the input selected by CS0.
0 1 Converts the input selected by CS0 eight times (see Tables 3 and 4).*
1 0 Reserved. Do not use.
1 1 Converts the input selected by CS0.*
*
When operating in external clock mode, there is no difference between SCAN[1:0] = 01 and SCAN[1:0] = 11, and converting occurs
perpetually until not-acknowledge occurs.
Table 5. Scanning Configuration
[VIIJXIIVI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
18 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Applications Information
Power-On Reset
The configuration and setup registers (Tables 1 and 2)
default to a single-ended, unipolar, single-channel con-
version on AIN0 using the internal clock with VDD as the
reference. The memory contents are unknown after
power-up.
Automatic Shutdown
Automatic shutdown occurs between conversions when
the MAX11644/MAX11645 are idle. All analog circuits
participate in automatic shutdown except the internal
reference due to its prohibitively long wake-up time.
When operating in external clock mode, a STOP, not-
acknowledge, or repeated START condition must be
issued to place the devices in idle mode and benefit
from automatic shutdown. A STOP condition is not nec-
essary in internal clock mode to benefit from automatic
shutdown because power-down occurs once all con-
version results are written to memory (Figure 10). When
using an external reference or VDD as a reference, all
analog circuitry is inactive in shutdown and supply cur-
rent is less than 0.5μA. The digital conversion results
obtained in internal clock mode are maintained in mem-
ory during shutdown and are available for access
through the serial interface at any time prior to a STOP
or a repeated START condition.
When idle, the MAX11644/MAX11645 continuously wait
for a START condition followed by their slave address
(see the
Slave Address
section). Upon reading a valid
address byte, the MAX11644/MAX11645 power up. The
internal reference requires 10ms to wake up, so when
using the internal reference it should be powered up
10ms prior to conversion or powered continuously.
Wake-up is invisible when using an external reference
or VDD as the reference.
Automatic shutdown results in dramatic power savings,
particularly at slow conversion rates and with internal
clock. For example, at a conversion rate of 10ksps, the
average supply current for the MAX11645 is 60μA (typ)
and drops to 6μA (typ) at 1ksps. At 0.1ksps the aver-
age supply current is just 1μA, or a minuscule 3μW of
power consumption. See Average Supply Current vs.
Conversion Rate (External Clock) in the
Typical
Operating Characteristics
section).
Reference Voltage
SEL[2:0] of the setup byte (Table 1) control the refer-
ence configuration (Table 6).
Internal Reference
The internal reference is 4.096V for the MAX11644 and
2.048V for the MAX11645. When REF is configured to
be an internal reference output (SEL[2:1] = 11), decou-
ple REF to GND with a 0.1μF capacitor and a 2kΩ
series resistor (see the
Typical Operating Circuit
). Once
powered up, the reference always remains on until
reconfigured. The internal reference requires 10ms to
wake up and is accessed using SEL0 (Table 6). When
in shutdown, the internal reference output is in a high-
impedance state. The reference should not be used to
supply current for external circuitry. The internal refer-
ence does not require an external bypass capacitor
and works best when left unconnected (SEL1 = 0).
External Reference
The external reference can range from 1V to VDD. For
maximum conversion accuracy, the reference must be
able to deliver up to 40μA and have an output imped-
ance of 500kΩor less. If the reference has a higher
output impedance or is noisy, bypass it to GND as
close as possible to REF with a 0.1μF capacitor.
SEL2 SEL1 SEL0 REFERENCE
VOLTAGE REF INTERNAL REFERENCE
STATE
00X V
DD Not connected Always off
0 1 X External reference Reference input Always off
1 0 0 Internal reference Not connected* Always off
1 0 1 Internal reference Not connected* Always on
1 1 0 Internal reference Reference output Always off
1 1 1 Internal reference Reference output Always on
Table 6. Reference Voltage and REF Format
X = Don’t care.
*Preferred configuration for internal reference.
lleXlllll MAXIM lVI/JXI [VI
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
______________________________________________________________________________________ 19
Transfer Functions
Output data coding for the MAX11644/MAX11645 is
binary in unipolar mode and two’s complement in bipo-
lar mode with 1 LSB = (VREF/2N) where N is the number
of bits (12). Code transitions occur halfway between
successive-integer LSB values. Figures 12 and 13
show the input/output (I/O) transfer functions for unipo-
lar and bipolar operations, respectively.
Layout, Grounding, and Bypassing
Only use PCBs. Wire-wrap configurations are not rec-
ommended since the layout should ensure proper sep-
aration of analog and digital traces. Do not run analog
and digital lines parallel to each other, and do not lay-
out digital signal paths underneath the ADC package.
Use separate analog and digital PCB ground sections
with only one star point (Figure 14) connecting the two
ground systems (analog and digital). For lowest noise
operation, ensure the ground return to the star ground’s
power supply is low impedance and as short as possi-
ble. Route digital signals far away from sensitive analog
and reference inputs.
High-frequency noise in the power supply (VDD) could
influence the proper operation of the ADC’s fast compara-
tor. Bypass VDD to the star ground with a network of two
parallel capacitors, 0.1μF and 4.7μF, located as close as
possible to the MAX11644/MAX11645 power-supply pin.
Minimize capacitor lead length for best supply noise
rejection, and add an attenuation resistor (5Ω) in series
with the power supply if it is extremely noisy.
Definitions
Integral Nonlinearity
Integral nonlinearity (INL) is the deviation of the values
on an actual transfer function from a straight line. This
straight line can be either a best straight-line fit or a line
drawn between the endpoints of the transfer function,
once offset and gain errors have been nullified. The
MAX11644/MAX11645’s INL is measured using the
endpoint.
Differential Nonlinearity
Differential nonlinearity (DNL) is the difference between
an actual step width and the ideal value of 1 LSB. A
DNL error specification of less than 1 LSB guarantees
no missing codes and a monotonic transfer function.
Aperture Jitter
Aperture jitter (tAJ) is the sample-to-sample variation in
the time between the samples.
Aperture Delay
Aperture delay (tAD) is the time between the falling
edge of the sampling clock and the instant when an
actual sample is taken.
MAX11644
MAX11645
OUTPUT CODE
FULL-SCALE
TRANSITION
11 . . . 111
11 . . . 110
11 . . . 101
00 . . . 011
00 . . . 010
00 . . . 001
00 . . . 000
123
0FS
FS - 3/2 LSB
FS = VREF
ZS = GND
INPUT VOLTAGE (LSB)
1 LSB = VREF
4096
Figure 12. Unipolar Transfer Function
011 . . . 111
011 . . . 110
000 . . . 010
000 . . . 001
000 . . . 000
111 . . . 111
111 . . . 110
111 . . . 101
100 . . . 001
100 . . . 000
- FS 0
INPUT VOLTAGE (LSB)
OUTPUT CODE
ZS = 0
+FS - 1 LSB
FS = VREF
2
-FS = -VREF
2
MAX11644
MAX11645
1 LSB = VREF
4096
Figure 13. Bipolar Transfer Function
MAX 1 1 644/MAX1 1 645 [MAXIM Signal-Io-Naise Ra For a waveform pertectry reconstructed from dr sampres the theoretrcar maxrrhurh SNR rs the rat the tuH-scare anarog rr'rput (HMS varue) to the R quahtrzatroh error (resrduar error). The rdear. theore mrhrmurh anarog-to-drgrtar horse rs caused by quarr troh error onry ahd resurts drrectry trom the ABC's r rutroh (N brts) SNRMAX[dB] = 8 02dB X N +1.7GdB rn rearrty there are other horse sources besrdes qu zatron horse. thermar horse. retererrce horse. crockr etc SNR rs computed by takrng the ratro of the R srgrrar to the RMS horse whrch rrrcrudes arr spe components rhrhus the fundamentar the first frve monrcs‘ and the DC otfset 20 [VI/JXIIIII
MAX11644/MAX11645
20 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
For a waveform perfectly reconstructed from digital
samples, the theoretical maximum SNR is the ratio of
the full-scale analog input (RMS value) to the RMS
quantization error (residual error). The ideal, theoretical
minimum analog-to-digital noise is caused by quantiza-
tion error only and results directly from the ADC’s reso-
lution (N bits):
SNRMAX[dB] = 6.02dB x N + 1.76dB
In reality, there are other noise sources besides quanti-
zation noise: thermal noise, reference noise, clock jitter,
etc. SNR is computed by taking the ratio of the RMS
signal to the RMS noise, which includes all spectral
components minus the fundamental, the first five har-
monics, and the DC offset.
Signal-to-Noise Plus Distortion
Signal-to-noise plus distortion (SINAD) is the ratio of the
fundamental input frequency’s RMS amplitude to the
RMS equivalent of all other ADC output signals.
Effective Number of Bits
Effective number of bits (ENOB) indicates the global
accuracy of an ADC at a specific input frequency and
sampling rate. An ideal ADC’s error consists of quanti-
zation noise only. With an input range equal to the
ADC’s full-scale range, calculate the ENOB as follows:
ENOB = (SINAD - 1.76)/6.02
Total Harmonic Distortion
Total harmonic distortion (THD) is the ratio of the RMS
sum of the input signal’s first five harmonics to the fun-
damental itself. This is expressed as:
where V1is the fundamental amplitude, and V2through
V5are the amplitudes of the 2nd- through 5th-order
harmonics.
Spurious-Free Dynamic Range
Spurious-free dynamic range (SFDR) is the ratio of the
RMS amplitude of the fundamental (maximum signal
component) to the RMS value of the next largest distor-
tion component.
THD VVVV
V
log+++
20 22324252
1
SINAD dB Signal
Noise THD
RMS
RMS RMS
() log+
20
GND
VLOGIC = 3V/5V3V OR 5V
SUPPLIES
DGND3V/5VGND
*OPTIONAL
4.7μF
R* = 5Ω
0.1μF
VDD
DIGITAL
CIRCUITRY
MAX11644
MAX11645
Figure 14. Power-Supply Grounding Connection
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
{7 [III/[XVIII www.maxi .Cam/Qackages 21-0036 90-0092 21-0009 A92 n Note 1891 [VI/JXIIIII
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
______________________________________________________________________________________ 21
*OPTIONAL
RS*
RS*
ANALOG
INPUTS
μCSDA
SCL
GND
VDD
SDA
SCL
AIN0
AIN1
RC NETWORK*
REF
3.3V or 5V
5V
RP
CREF
0.1μF
RP
5V
MAX11644
MAX11645
0.1μF
2kΩ
Typical Operating Circuit
Chip Information
PROCESS: BiCMOS
PART INPUT
CHANNELS
INTERNAL
REFERENCE
(V)
SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
(V)
INL
(LSB)
MAX11644
2 single-
ended/1
differential
4.096 4.5 to 5.5 ±1
MAX11645
2 single-
ended/1
differential
2.048 2.7 to 3.6 ±1
Selector Guide
Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns,
go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a “+”, “#”, or
“-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package
drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing
pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.
PACKAGE
TYPE
PACKAGE
CODE
OUTLINE
NO.
LAND
PATTERN NO.
8 μMAX U8CN+1 21-0036 90-0092
12 WLP W121C2+1 21-0009
Refer to
Application
Note 1891
MAX11644/MAX11645
Low-Power, 1-/2-Channel, I2C, 12-Bit ADCs
in Ultra-Tiny 1.9mm x 2.2mm Package
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
22
____________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600
© 2010 Maxim Integrated Products Maxim is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
Revision History
REVISION
NUMBER
REVISION
DATE DESCRIPTION PAGES
CHANGED
0 4/10 Initial release
1 9/10
Added the WLP package to the Ordering Information,Absolute Maximum
Ratings,Pin Configuration,Pin Description, and Package Information sections 1, 2, 8, 20